One of the most sought after medical area of expertise is Pulmonology. This specialty deals with diseases involving the lungs and the respiratory tract as a whole. Respiratory physicians or pulmonary physicians are the kinds of doctors that hold specializations for this medical field.
What does it take to become a pulmonary specialist or physician? Basically, this is classified as a medical doctor who has specialized training in treating patients who are suffering from lung or lung-related problems. They may help in treating various disorders and diseases associated to the lungs and most often than not work closely with the primary physician of the patient to build up a plan for a particular treatment. Some of the diseases diagnosed by these specialists include emphysema, lung cancer, asthma, tuberculosis, among others. They only help in diagnosing, but do not conduct surgical operations on patients.
One of the main responsibilities of a pulmonary physician is to conduct measures that are specialized to get some samples from the lining of the chest or the lungs. Also, they are responsible in performing different tests and evaluations. This is to find out whether the patient has normal or irregular breathing patterns.
The tasks and duties of a pulmonary physician encompasses from diagnosing to taking care of the patient. This includes (1) managing and treating common health problems like pneumonia, infections, and influenza; (2) prescribing or administering medication, therapy, and other specialized medical care to treat or prevent disease, illness, or injury; (3) collecting, recording, and maintaining patient information like medical reports, examinations, and medical history; (4) explaining procedures and discussing test results or prescribed treatments with patients; (5) making diagnoses when different illnesses occur together or in situations where the diagnosis may be obscure; (6) advising patients and community members concerning diet, activity, hygiene, and disease prevention; (7) monitoring the patients’ conditions and progress and reevaluate treatments as necessary; (8) referring patients to medical specialists or other practitioners when necessary; (9) treating internal disorders like diabetes, hypertension, heart disease, and problems of the gastrointestinal tract, lung, brain, and kidney and; (10) advising surgeon of a patient’s risk status and suggest suitable involvement to minimize risk, among others.
This kind of specialist also works by planning, implementing, or administering health programs in businesses, hospitals, or communities for prevention and treatment of illnesses or injuries, and directing and coordinating activities of assistants, nurses, students, therapists, specialists, and other medical staff.
It is significant for this particular specialist to have a comprehensive and thorough knowledge especially in internal medicines and other specialties. Generally, they can handle occupational medicine, as well as in intensive care units and respiratory therapy departments.
If you have chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), then pulmonary physicians and specialists can be help you with your condition, determining the scope of harm in your lungs. Necessary treatment is given by the doctors. Since they cannot perform surgical operations on the patients, when the patient’s condition is severe they transfer the patient to another specialist who can perform lung transplantation.